In the measure of all things Internet, most people believe Google is a search engine destined to find information.
On the world's playing field, Google blurs the comparison between tech companies and media companies. Its name even landed in dictionaries as a verb and synonym for search.
Technology drives every part of its business, but 96 percent of Google's real income comes from advertising.
Managers at the company will tell you that Google is not a media company, that its organizes and manages content, but avoids producing it.
While executives say it's not a media company, its financial performance often outshines media companies and leaves tech savvy companies in the dusty clouds of electrons.
Google, formed 1996 as a search engine, has revenue and income that outpaces 381 other companies on the Fortune 500.
Compared to media companies, its profitability exceeds Apple, Comcast, Disney, News Corp, Time Warner, Viacomm and CBS.
Wait a minute. Apple?
“How can a company with essentially four products get this big?” muses cranky geek John Dvorak. "Apple turns out to be one of the world’s greatest retailers."
Apple's cash cow is really iTunes, the music and media downloading service that scorched the earth of traditional music sales.
Apple is just another case of the blurring line between, tech, retail and money.
Google is more profitable than Apple, yet Apple reported $36.1 billion in revenue and $5.7 billion in profit, compared to Google's performance. Google earned less with $23.6 billion but turned a better profit, $6.5 billion, according to Fortune's analysis.
Further blurring the line, tech giants Hewlett-Packard, GE, AT&T, IBM and Microsoft out performed both Google and Apple. Mammoth GE owns media giant NBC Universal.
Let's add another blur. Walmart, the third most profitable company, was topped by Microsoft at No. 2 in profitability.
Let's skew it just a little more.
Exxon Mobil was the most profitable company on the 500 list even though Walmart made the top spot on the list.
Press reports are filled with announcements of Google's latest moves that blur the line between traditional media and tech companies.
The company recently unveiled a quarterly magazine available only overseas. Google is also negotiating broadcast rights from pro sports leagues for airing on YouTube.
Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded the company in 1996 while they were graduate students at Stanford University.
The company name is an adaptation of googol, the number 1, followed by 100 zeroes.
Google's first funding was $100,000 from Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems in August 1998.
By 1999, Brin and Page said they believed the search engine development was diverting them from academics. They tried to sell their company to search engine Excite for $1 million.
Excite CEO George Bell talked them down to $750,000, but no deal transpired. By June, Google received its first venture capital, $25 million, from Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Sequoia Capital, the San Francisco Chronicle reported.
Excite's failed execution of the deal relegated it to the ignoble list of has been search engines.
Google's initial public offering took place on August 19, 2004. The company offered 19,605,052 shares at $85 per share.
The sale of $1.67 billion gave Google a market capitalization of more than $23 billion, the Washington Post reported.
In comparison, open source darling Red Hat went public on August 11, 1999, achieving the eighth-biggest first-day gain in the history of Wall Street.
By size and revenue, neither Red Hat nor Google made it into the list of top 25 IPOs.
Google has spawned entire industries around its technologies. Search Engine Optimization is a key technology that advances keywords for websites searched by Google.
It's heavily invested in Internet search, cloud computing and advertising technologies.
At every turn Google is launching a new product or partnering in unconventional but lucrative deals.
The drive for new technologies and products comes from a management style that encourages workers to spend one-third of work time on projects of the employee's choice. That ensures a constant stream of new products.
Arbiters of all things Internet have been critical of some of the offering that failed to capture huge market shares.
With 9.6 billion Internet users around the globe, the criticism may be off base. That points to a 28.7 percent of market penetration. In North America there are 266 million users, or 77.4 percent of the market.
During March, Google sites reported 175 billion unique visitors, just above Microsoft's 168 billion visitors, comScore reported. The nearest media company, Turner Digital, reported 89 billion visitors, an 86 billion difference.
In the arena of googolish Internet numbers, a move of 0.1 percent to 0.3 percent of unique visitors to a Web site like Google, Yahoo or Microsoft can shift the market share 11 percent.
Imagine a new Google product that captures a mere 11 percent of the market. It's a figure that could make or break single product companies.
For an 11 percent market shift, it just means more advertising revenue for Google.
|Rank*||Company||Inc $M||Profit $M||500 Profitability||Close 3/25||PE Ratio|
Source: Fortune 500 complete list